First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
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Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
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Animal Bites
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More on Bites and Stings
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Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
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First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Choking in Adults

Choking is a blockage in the windpipe that makes it difficult or impossible for a person to breathe because air cannot pass into the lungs. Somebody who is choking will often do so quietly, initially turning red as he or she struggles to take air in, grasping at the neck and mouth and eventually losing color, with a blue tinge on the lips. Without treatment, a person will become unconscious and will die. Choking in adults is often as a result of eating a meal too quickly or of eating on the move.

TREATMENT FOR AN ADULT WHO IS CHOKING

If the victim is able to speak or cough, then the situation is less serious. Encourage him or her to continue coughing if able. Check the mouth to see if any obstacle can be easily removed. Do not sweep in the mouth blindly, and take great care not to push down into the throat. If at any time the person show signs of becoming weak, stops breathing or coughing, or begins to lose color and turn blue, perform the Heimlich maneuver immediately.


THE HEIMLICH MANEUVER

The purpose of this maneuver is to displace any obstruction blocking the windpipe by forcing a cough. Stand or kneel behind the casualty and put both arms around the upper abdomen. Clench your fist and place it, thumb side in, between the belly button and the bottom of the breastbone. Grasp it with your other hand. Keep your arms away from the ribcage and pull sharply inwards and upward 4 times. This movement thrusts the diaphragm up toward the lungs, creating a cough.

For a casualty who is lying down or unconscious, place the heel of one hand just below the breastbone. Place the other hand on top and give 4 short, upward thrusts.
If the obstruction is still not relieved, repeat the maneuver. Recheck the mouth for any object that can be reached with a finger and remove it if possible. Perform the maneuver 3 times, then call for emergency help.

WHAT IF THE PERSON BECOMES UNCONSCIOUS?

Open the airway by tilting the head, checking the mouth, and lifting the chin. If the victim is breathing, falling unconscious might have freed the object sufficiently to allow air through. Turn the person into the recovery position, maintaining a careful check on breathing. If the victim is not breathing, provide rescue breathing and move on to the normal CPR procedures.

If you know that the person has choked and the chest does not rise when rescue breathing is attempted, move straight to chest compressions without assessment of circulation. Check the mouth after every set of compressions. The chest compressions act as an artificial cough and may help expel the object from the windpipe. Make sure that you call for emergency help as soon as possible.

 
 
 
Choking in Adults

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
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Poisoning
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Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
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Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue