First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Poisoning from Household Chemicals

Many everyday household substances are potentially poisonous if misused. Unfortunately, many hospital admissions are the result of children drinking household chemicals while playing. Inside the home, cleaning materials are often the biggest risk, while in the garden herbicides, pesticides, and paint stripper are common culprits. Most household chemicals cause problems when they are swallowed. Many are corrosive and together with the effect of the poison may also cause burns to the mouth and food canal (digestive tract).

MANAGING SWALLOWED POISON
TREATMENT

Make sure that it is safe for you to approach. Do not inadvertently kneel in chemicals or otherwise expose yourself to any risk.

  1. Monitor and maintain the airway and breathing. Be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.

  2. Monitor consciousness. If the person becomes unconscious, put into the recovery position.

  3. Call 911 or the Poison Control Hotline for advice on how to proceed.

  4. Treat any burns, wearing protective clothing if necessary.

  5. Support the person if he vomits and place in the recovery position if necessary.

  6. Reassure the person while you are waiting for emergency assistance to arrive.

  7. Identify the poison if possible because this will help medical staff determine what treatment is appropriate.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  1. Signs of bottles, information from the victim, or from bystanders
  2. Burns to the mouth
  3. Vomiting
  4. Pain
  5. Impaired consciousness
  6. Difficulty breathing

DO NOT

Do not try to make the person vomit. If a poison burns on the way down to the stomach, it will burn on the way up.

IF THERE ARE MOUTH BURNS

If the person stops breathing you will need to provide rescue breathing. However, if there are mouth burns because the poison was corrosive, you must take care not to put yourself at risk. Use a face shield or mask while rescue breathing. This should be placed over the victim’s face and the oval tube placed between teeth. The plastic shield forms a barrier as you give mouth-to-mouth.

If there is no shield available, consider providing rescue breathing mouth-to-nose. Tilt the head and lift the chin as you would normally. Then close the mouth (using a piece of material as a barrier against the poison if appropriate) and seal your mouth around the victim’s nose. Provide rescue breathing at the same rate and ratio as you would when giving mouth-to-mouth. Take your mouth away after each breath and open the victim’s mouth between breaths to let the air out.

If the victim is breathing and conscious, you may provide relief from the burning by giving frequent sips of cold water. This will help relieve the pain and reduce swelling.

Above

You will need to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if a s person stops breathing but if there are burns to the mouth you must use a face shield or mask to protect yourself.

Above

Place the face shield or mask over the victim’s face and place the oval tube between the teeth. The shield forms a barrier as you provide rescue breathing.

PREVENTION OF POISONING FROM HOUSEHOLD SUBSTANCES

  • Put all household cleaning materials and medicines up high out of the reach of children

  • Consider putting any dangerous substances in a locked cupboard

  • Always read instructions for use carefully. Some household chemicals should be used only in well-ventilated room or with some protective clothing

  • Always store chemicals in the container they came in or a clearly marked alternative. Never store chemicals in drinks containers or unmarked bottles

  • Keep gardening supplies securely in the shed or garage in a locked container
Where possible, buy medicines and cleaning materials in childproof containers.
 
 
 
Vomiting and Diarrhea

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue