First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Miscarriage

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy in the first 24 weeks. There are many causes of miscarriage, and for some parents the reason for their loss will never be known. About a fifth of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, most of these before the twelfth week.

TREATMENT

  1. Overall, listen to the wants and needs of the woman. She will often be very distressed and scared. When possible, help her to a position of privacy and if possible, ensure that she is treated by another woman and has support from her partner or friend.

  2. If bleeding or pain is severe, or there are signs of shock, call 911.

  3. Reassure the woman and offer her a sanity pad or towel.

  4. Keep anything that is passed from the vagina out of sight of the woman, for medical staff to examine.

SUPPORT GROUPS

Most women who have a miscarriage do not have problems with subsequent pregnancies but a woman should take time to grieve and talk about her feeling before becoming pregnant again. Group therapy with others who have had the same experience is a good way of helping a woman come to terms with the loss of her baby. The woman’s doctor should be able to provide details of appropriate support groups in her area.

Above

A woman who has had a miscarriage needs to be treated sensitively. Reassure her and monitor for sign of shock while waiting for an ambulance to arrive.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Bleeding-this may be light spotting over a number of days and/or a sudden heavy blood flow

  • Period-like pain or pain in the lower back

  • Potential signs and symptoms of shock, caused by blood loss

  • Passing the fetus and other products associated with birth (this may just kook like a heavy blood clot)

Many miscarriages can take several days from start to finish and may not start with a heavy blood flow or sever pain. Some women who are miscarrying may not have realized that they are pregnant because many miscarriages take place in the first weeks after conception.

Pregnant women suffering unusual bleeding should always seek early medical advice from their doctor or midwife. An investigation may show that the pregnancy has not ended or that miscarriage is threatened but not inevitable.

OTHER EMERGENCY PROBLEMS WITH PREGNANCY


Ectopic pregnancy

In this circumstance, the fertilized egg become embedded in the Fallopian tube rather than the womb. As well as ending the pregnancy, this is a potentially life-threatening condition for the mother. The woman will usually have severe pain in the abdominal area, with potential bleeding and signs of shock. Call 911 immediately.

 

Placenta previa/placenta abruption

Bleeding in later pregnancy is more unusual. A painless bright red blood flow may indicate that something is seriously wrong with the placenta, causing potential life-threatening problems for both the mother and child. Support the mother in a position of rest, call 911 and treat for shock

 
 
 
Vomiting and Diarrhea

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue