First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Fractures of the Skull, Face, and Jaw

A skull fracture is a very serious injury since it is often associated with some form of damage to the brain. Concussion and compression may both accompany skull fractures. If a person has a fracture to the bones of the face or jaw, the airway is overwhelming priority,

TREATING A FRACTURED SKULL
  1. Keep the victim still while she is conscious. Encourage her not to move her head.

  2. Keep constant check on the airway, breathing, and circulation.

  3. Be prepared to resuscitate or turn into the recovery position if necessary.

  4. Call for emergency help as soon as possible.

HOW TO TREAT FRACTURES OF THE FACE AND JAW

  1. Ensure that any blood in the mouth is allowed to dribble out—encourage the victim to spit into a bandage or handkerchief.

  2. Gently remove any teeth or bits of broken bone from the mouth and give the victim a pad to hold against the injured part for additional support and comfort.

  3. A cold compress may help reduce pain.

  4. Get the victim to hospital because she will require medical treatment.

  5. Do not pinch a broken nose to control bleeding—hold a part under it.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A SKULL FRACTURE

Along with these signs and symptoms, consider what happened. Skull fractures may be caused by a direct and heavy impact to the head or by indirect impact, for example, a fall from great height on to the feet that may have caused the force to move up the body, stopping when it hit the skull.

  • Bruising to the eye socket
  • Pain
  • A bump or a dent
  • Straw-colored fluid coming from one or both ears
  • Deterioration in the level of consciousness of the victim

Does the person respond slowly to questions or commands? Is he having problems focusing?

If any of these things is present, assume a skull fracture with a potential injury to the brain.
 
 
 
Vomiting and Diarrhea

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue