First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Infected Wounds

Any injury that pierces the skin can become infected. Infection is caused by germs entering the body, either through the object causing the injury (for example, a dirty knife) or from sources after the injury occurred. Cuts, burns, bites, sting, and open fractures all carry with them a risk of infection.


PREVENTING INFECTION

There are a number of things that you can do to reduce the risk of infection.

  • When time permits (for example, for non-life-threatening, less serious injuries), wash your hands thoroughly before treating an open wound.
  • Wear gloves if available.
  • Try to reduce direct contact with the open wound—for example, ask the injured person to apply pressure with her own hand if possible.
  • Cover injuries as soon as practicable.
  • Do not cough over injuries—turn away and cover your mouth.
  • Advise the injured person to check that her tetanus immunization is up-to-date.

Above

Wash your hands thoroughly under running water before treating an open wound if you have time to do so. This will reduce the risk of transmitting germs into the wound.

Above

A disposable rubber glove is an ideal barrier method to prevent contamination of wound. Keep a pair in the top of your first aid kit to reduce direct contact with the wound.

Above

Ask the person who has been injured to apply pressure with her own hand if possible to reduce contact with an open wound and lessen the risk of infection.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INFECTION

If the following signs and symptoms develop after an wound is inflicted, the injured person should seek immediate medical attention:


  • Increased pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness around the site of the wound
  • Discharge from site
  • Unpleasant smell from the site of the wound
  • Red tracks from the site to the heart
  • Swollen glands
  • Failure to heal

TREATING AN INFECTED WOUND

  • Cover the wound with a sterile dressing and bandage into place.
  • Raise the injured part if possible, to reduce swelling and pain.
Seek early medical advice. Treat for shock if necessary
 
 
 
Abdominal Pain

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue