First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Foreign Bodies

Children are prone to putting objects into their nose, ears, and mouth. If left for some time, such objects can cause infection that may result in permanent damage. Young children are also liable to swallow small objects. These usually pass through the system and can be identified in the bowel movement as having safely moved through the body. Larger or sharp objects pose a greater risk of internal injury. If there are sign of difficulty breathing, the object may have gone down the windpipe rather than the tube to the stomach (esophagus).

FOREIGN BODIES IN THE EAR

Treatment

Do not attempt to remove an object from the ear—you are likely to push it in further, causing more damage, particularly to the eardrum. Reassure the child and take her to hospital.

INSECT IN THE EAR

Treatment

  1. Sit the child down and reassure him before giving treatment.
  2. Lean the child’s head toward the unaffected side and pour tepid water into the ear with the aim of floating the insect out.
  3. If this does not work, take the child to hospital as son as possible.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A FOREIGN BODY
IN THE EAR

  • Pain
  • Temporary deafness
  • Discharge

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF AN INSECT IN THE EAR

  • Very loud buzzing/ringing noise in the ear
  • Pain or discomfort


FOREIGN BODIES IN THE NOSE

The key priority with any object in the nose is the maintenance of a clear airway. If at anytime the object appears to be making breathing difficult, follow the procedures for choking and make a call for emergency assistance.

Treatment

  1. Sit the child down, and reassure him.
  2. Encourage the child to breathe through his mouth rather than his nose.
  3. Do not attempt to remove the object as you may push it further in, causing more damage.
  4. Take the child to the hospital so that the object can be removed.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A FOREIGN BODY IN THE NOSE

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Discharge (if the object has been there for some time)
  • Breathing difficulties
  • A snoring sound on breathing
FOREIGN BODIES IN THE EYE

Small items stuck to the white of the eye can be very irritating but are usually easy to remove. If an item is embedded in the eye or is tuck on the colored part of the eye (the iris), do not attempt to remove it. Cover the eye as appropriate and take the person to hospital for treatment.
 

Treatment

  1. Sit the person down facing the light so you can clearly see what needs to be removed.
  2. Examine the eye by gently separating the eyelids with your finger and thumb. Ask the person to move the eye up and down and from left to right. Allow the person to blink.
  3. If you can see the foreign body and it is not embedded or touching the colored part of the eye, gently wash it out. Tilt the head to one side and run the water through the eye, holding the eyelid open. Continue with this treatment for up to 30 minutes, allowing the person to blink regularly.
  4. If washing does not work and the object is not embedded in the eye, try to remove it with moist piece of clean cloth.
  5. If you remain unable to remove the object, take the person to hospital.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A FOREIGN BODY IN THE EYE

  • Irritation and/or pain
  • Watering and/or red eye
  • Blurred vision


SWALLOWED OBJECTS

Treatment

If the object was very large, sharp, or potentially poisonous (for example, some kinds of battery), call 911. If the object was small and smooth, take the child to a doctor or hospital as soon as possible.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A SWALLOWED OBJECT

  • Ask the child or bystanders what happened, and look for other small objects around the child
  • Stomach pain

INHALED OBJECTS

It is possible for small and smooth object to be inhaled into the lungs. This may cause difficulty breathing, particularly if the objects are porous and swell up on contact with body fluids. Small nuts are a particular risk, with the added concern that some people have a severe allergic reaction to them.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INHALED OBJECT

  • Choking noises which pass as the object moves into the lung
  • Hacking cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Ask bystanders what happened and look around for evidence of bags of nuts, sweets, etc.

Treatment

  • If the person is unable to take a breath treat her for choking if necessary, and perform the Heimlich Maneuver to displace obstruction.
  • Call 911 as soon as possible and monitor breathing while waiting.
  • Reassure the person and try to find out exactly what was inhaled.

Below

Carefully check the mouth for any object that can be reached with a finger.

Below

You may need to perform Heimlich Maneuver to remove obstruction.

 
 
 
Abdominal Pain

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue